Mindfulness is a conscious moment to moment awareness, cultivated by systematically paying attention on purpose and being an impartial witness to your own experience (Kabat-Zinn, 1994, 2004). Mindfulness involves intentionally bringing one’s attention to the internal and external experiences occurring in the present moment (Baer, 2003). Practicing Mindfulness on a daily basis has the potential to bring about increased self awareness, calmness and relaxation. Aspects of this approach can be used as techniques to disengage from negative thoughts. The Mindfulness that Kabat-Zinn (2004) promotes in his Mindfulness-based stress reduction program (MBSR) is underpinned by the following seven attitudes:


Stepping back from the constant flow of mental judgements and preconceived ideas we have about the world.


Giving time to experience what we are experiencing without need to get to the next experience that may be more pleasurable.

Beginners Mind

To see events as if for the very first time without any preconceived labels or ideas of that experience.


To have reliance on our own intuition. To listen to the innate sensations or feelings which arise within us and to honour them.

Non-striving To be, rather than do. Allowing the experience be what it is and not creating an end goal.


Allowing things to be as they are, without denial or rejection of the present situation.

Letting go

To have no attachment, repulsion or holding on to thoughts feelings or experiences.

Mindfulness Guidance Recording

The link below provides a 25 minute guidance recording which you can use to support your mindfulness practice. Please ensure you are not driving a vehicle or operating machinery while listening to the recording.